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Mandarin Chinese information.
Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
Japanese information.
Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

There are 110 total results for your mandala search. I have created 2 pages of results for you. Each page contains 100 results...

Characters Pronunciation
Simple Dictionary Definition

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More info & calligraphy:

Mandala / Altar
platform; rostrum; altar
(1) platform; podium; rostrum; pulpit; (2) (ceremonial) mound; (suffix noun) (3) world (of haiku, art, etc.); (literary) circles; (4) (archaism) mandala; (given name) Mayumi
An altar; an open altar. In the esoteric cult it also means a maṇḍala, objects of worship grouped together.



see styles
rì lián
    ri4 lian2
jih lien

More info & calligraphy:

(given name) Nichiren; (person) Nichiren (Buddhist priest, 1222-82, founder of the Nichiren sect)
Nichiren, the Japanese founder, in A. D. 1252, of the 日蓮宗 Nichiren sect, which is also known as the 法華宗 or Lotus sect. Its chief tenets are the three great mysteries 三大祕法, representing the trikāya: (1) 本尊 or chief object of worship, being the great maṇḍala of the worlds of the ten directions, or universe, i. e. the body or nirmāṇakāya of Buddha; (2) 題目 the title of the Lotus Sutra 妙法蓮華經 Myo-ho-ren-gwe-kyo, preceded by Namo, or, 'Adoration to the scripture of the lotus of the wonderful law, ' for it is Buddha's spiritual body; (3) 戒壇 the altar of the law, which is also the title of the Lotus as above; the believer, wherever he is, dwells in the Pure-land of calm light 寂光淨土, the saṃbhogakāya.



see styles
màn tú luó
    man4 tu2 luo2
man t`u lo
    man tu lo
(Buddhism) (loanword from Sanskrit) mandala
mandala; Buddhist visual schema of the enlightened mind; (given name) Mandara
曼怛羅; 曼特羅; 曼陀羅; 曼拏羅; 蔓陀囉; 滿荼邏 maṇḍala, a circle, globe, wheel ring; "any circular figure or diagram" (M.W.); a magic circle; a plot or place of enlightenment; a round or square altar on which buddhas and bodhisattvas are placed; a group of such, especially the garbhadhātu and vajradhātu groups of the Shingon sect; these were arranged by Kōbō Daishi to express the mystic doctrine of the two dhātu by way of illustration, the garbhadhātu representing the 理 and the 因 principle and cause, the vajradhātu the 智 and the 果 intelligence (or reason) and the effect, i.e. the fundamental realm of being, and mind as inherent in it; v. 胎 and 金剛. The two realms are fundamentally one, as are the absolute and phenomenal, e.g. water and wave. There are many kinds of maṇḍalas, e.g. the group of the Lotus Sutra; of the 觀經; of the nine luminaries; of the Buddha's entering into nirvana, etc. The real purpose of a maṇḍala is to gather the spiritual powers together, in order to promote the operation of the dharma or law. The term is commonly applied to a magic circle, subdivided into circles or squares in which are painted Buddhist divinities and symbols. Maṇḍalas also reveal the direct retribution of each of the ten worlds of beings (purgatory, pretas, animals, asuras, men, devas, the heavens of form, formless heavens, bodhisattvas, and buddhas). Each world has its maṇḍala which represents the originating principle that brings it to completion. The maṇḍala of the tenth world indicates the fulfilment and completion of the nine worlds.



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màn tuó luó
    man4 tuo2 luo2
man t`o lo
    man to lo
(botany) devil's trumpet (Datura stramonium) (loanword from Sanskrit "māndāra"); mandala (loanword from Sanskrit "maṇḍala")
mandala; Buddhist visual schema of the enlightened mind; (f,p) Mandara
or 曼阤羅; 漫陀羅 mandāra(va), the coral-tree; the erythrina indica, or this tree regarded as one of the five trees of Paradise, i.e, Indra's heaven; a white variety of Calotropis gigantea. Name of a noted monk, and of one called Mandra.



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yī shì
    yi1 shi4
i shih
One sense or perception; the one individual intelligence or soul which uses the various senses, likened to a monkey which climbs in and out of the various windows of a house— a Satyasiddhi and Sautrāntika doctrine. Also, a Vairocana maṇḍala.


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(1) (rare) exact center of the Garbhadhatu mandala; (2) platform upon which the fire is lit in a stone lantern; (place-name, surname) Nakadai


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zhōng tāi
    zhong1 tai1
chung t`ai
    chung tai
(中胎藏) The central figure of the eight-petalled group of the Garbhadhātu maṇḍala; i. e. the phenomenal Vairocana who has around him four Buddhas and four bodhisattvas, each on a petal. From this maṇḍala spring the four other great maṇḍalas.



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jiǔ huì
    jiu3 hui4
chiu hui
 ku e
(九會曼陀羅) The nine groups in the diamond-realm maṇḍala.


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wǔ bù
    wu3 bu4
wu pu
(place-name) Gohe
The five classes, or groups I. The 四諦 four truths, which four are classified as 見道 or theory, and 修道 practice, e. g. the eightfold path. II. The five early Hīnayāna sects, see 一切有部 or Sarvastivadah. III. The five groups of the Vajradhātu maṇḍala.


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guāng zuò
    guang1 zuo4
kuang tso
prabha-maṇḍala; the halo and throne (of a Buddha); also 光趺.



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nèi tāi
    nei4 tai1
nei t`ai
    nei tai
inner tube (of a tire)
The inner garbhadhātu, i. e. the eight objects in the eight leaves in the central group of the maṇḍala.


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(abbreviation) {Buddh} (See 四種曼荼羅) four types of mandala (in Shingon)


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 zuzou / zuzo
(1) icon; (2) {Buddh} simple ink drawing (of a buddha, mandala, etc.)



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yuán tán
    yuan2 tan2
yüan t`an
    yüan tan
Round altar; a complete group of objects of worship, a maṇḍala.


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 daihou / daiho
(1) great treasure; (2) (hist) Taihō era (701.3.21-704.5.10); Daihō era; (3) (rare) {Buddh} great treasure (used to refer to bodhisattvas, esoteric teachings, etc.); (4) (rare) {Buddh} (See 護摩壇) homa-mandala (fire altar); (place-name) Daihou


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dà rì
    da4 ri4
ta jih
Mahavairocana (Tathagata); Great Sun; Supreme Buddha of Sino-Japanese esoteric Buddhism; (place-name, surname) Dainichi
Vairocana, or Mahāvairocana 大日如來; 遍照如來; 摩訶毘盧遮那; 毘盧遮那; 大日覺王 The sun, "shining everywhere" The chief object of worship of the Shingon sect in Japan, "represented by the gigantic image in the temple at Nara." (Eliot.) There he is known as Dai-nichi-nyorai. He is counted as the first, and according to some, the origin of the five celestial Buddhas (dhyāni-buddhas, or jinas). He dwells quiescent in Arūpa-dhātu, the Heaven beyond form, and is the essence of wisdom (bodhi) and of absolute purity. Samantabhadra 普賢 is his dhyāni-bodhisattva. The 大日經 "teaches that Vairocana is the whole world, which is divided into Garbhadhātu (material) and Vajradhātu (indestructible), the two together forming Dharmadhātu. The manifestations of Vairocana's body to himself―that is, Buddhas and Bodhisattvas ―are represented symbolically by diagrams of several circles ". Eliot. In the 金剛界 or vajradhātu maṇḍala he is the center of the five groups. In the 胎藏界 or Garbhadhātu he is the center of the eight-leaf (lotus) court. His appearance, symbols, esoteric word, differ according to the two above distinctions. Generally he is considered as an embodiment of the Truth 法, both in the sense of dharmakāya 法身 and dharmaratna 法寳. Some hold Vairocana to be the dharmakāya of Śākyamuni 大日與釋迦同一佛 but the esoteric school denies this identity. Also known as 最高顯廣眼藏如來, the Tathagata who, in the highest, reveals the far-reaching treasure of his eye, i.e. the sun. 大日大聖不動明王 is described as one of his transformations. Also, a śramaņa of Kashmir (contemporary of Padma-saṃbhava); he is credited with introducing Buddhism into Khotan and being an incarnation of Mañjuśrī; the king Vijaya Saṃbhava built a monastery for him.


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dà màn
    da4 man4
ta man
 dai man
great maṇḍala



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bǎo shēng
    bao3 sheng1
pao sheng
Ratnasaṃbhava, one of the five dhyāni-buddhas, the central figure in the southern 'diamond' maṇḍala, The realm of Subhūti on his becoming Buddha.


see styles
wén shū
    wen2 shu1
wen shu
Manjushri, the Bodhisattva of keen awareness
(Buddhist term) Manjushri; Manjusri; Bodhisattva that represents transcendent wisdom; (p,s,f) Monju
(文殊師利) Mañjuśrī 滿殊尸利 -later 曼殊室利. 文殊 is also used for Mañjunātha, Mañjudeva, Mañjughoṣa, Mañjuṣvara, et al. T., hjamdpal; J., Monju. Origin unknown; presumably, like most Buddhas and bodhisattvas, an idealization of a particular quality, in his case of Wisdom. Mañju is beautiful, Śrī; good fortune, virtue, majesty, lord, an epithet of a god. Six definitions are obtained from various scriptures: 妙首 (or 頭 ) wonderful or beautiful) head; 普首 universal head; 濡首 glossy head (probably a transliteration); 敬首 revered head; 妙德 wonderful virtue (or power); 妙吉祥 wonderfully auspicious; the last is a later translation in the 西域記. As guardian of wisdom 智慧 he is often placed on Śākyamuni's left, with 普顯 on the right as guardian of law 理, the latter holding the Law, the former the wisdom or exposition of it; formerly they held the reverse positions. He is often represented with five curls or waves to his hair indicating the 五智 q. v. or the five peaks; his hand holds the sword of wisdom and he sits on a lion emblematic of its stern majesty: but he has other forms. He is represented as a youth, i. e. eternal youth. His present abode is given as east of the universe, known as 淸涼山 clear and cool mountain, or a region 寶住 precious abode, or Abode of Treasures, or 寶氏 from which he derives one of his titles, 寶相如來. One of his dhāraṇīs prophesies China as his post-nirvāṇa realm. In past incarnations he is described as being the parent of many Buddhas and as having assisted the Buddha into existence; his title was 龍種上佛 the supreme Buddha of the nāgas, also 大身佛 or 神仙佛; now his title is 歡喜藏摩尼寶精佛 The spiritual Buddha who joyfully cares for the jewel: and his future title is to be 普現佛 Buddha universally revealed. In the 序品 Introductory Chapter of the Lotus Sutra he is also described as the ninth predecessor or Buddha-ancestor of Śākyamuni. He is looked on as the chief of the Bodhisattvas and represents them, as the chief disciple of the Buddha, or as his son 法王子. Hīnayāna counts Śāriputra as the wisest of the disciples, Mahāyāna gives Mañjuśrī the chief place, hence he is also styled 覺母 mother, or begetter of understanding. He is shown riding on either a lion or a peacock, or sitting on a white lotus; often he holds a book, emblem of wisdom, or a blue lotus; in certain rooms of a monastery he is shown as a monk; and he appears in military array as defender of the faith. His signs, magic words, and so on, are found in various sutras. His most famous centre in China is Wu-tai shan in Shansi. where he is the object of pilgrimages, especially of Mongols. The legends about him are many. He takes the place in Buddhism of Viśvakarman as Vulcan, or architect, of the universe. He is one of the eight Dhyāni-bodhisattvas, and sometimes has the image of Akṣobhya in his crown. He was mentioned in China as early as the fourth century and in the Lotus Sutra he frequently appears, especially as the converter of the daughter of the Dragon-king of the Ocean. He has five messengers 五使者 and eight youths 八童子 attending on him. His hall in the Garbhadhātu maṇḍala is the seventh, in which his group numbers twenty-five. His position is northeast. There are numerous sutras and other works with his name as title, e. g. 文殊師利問菩提經 Gayaśīrṣa sūtra, tr. by Kumārajīva 384-417: and its 論 or .Tīkā of Vasubandhu, tr. by Bodhiruci 535. see list in B. N.


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màn tú
    man4 tu2
man t`u
    man tu


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mù yào
    mu4 yao4
mu yao
 mokuyou / mokuyo
(adv,n) Thursday
Jupiter, one of the 九曜 nine luminaries, q. v.; on the south of the diamond hall outside the Garbhadhātu maṇḍala.


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mǔ zhǔ
    mu3 zhu3
mu chu
The 'mother-lord', or mother, as contrasted with 主 and 母, lord and mother, king and queen, in the maṇḍala of Vajradhātu and Garbhadhātu; Vairocana, being the source of all things, has no 'mnother'as progenitor, and is the 部主 or lord of the maṇḍala; the other four dhyāni-buddhas have 'mothers' called 部母, who are supposed to arise from the paramitas; thus, Akṣobhya has 金剛波羅蜜 for mother; Ratnasaṃbhava has 寳波羅蜜 for mother; Amitābha has 法波羅蜜 for mother; Amoghasiddhi has 羯磨波羅蜜 for mother.



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lún yuán
    lun2 yuan2
lun yüan
(輪圓具足) A complete maṇḍala showing the Buddhas and others, symbolizing their works; a magic circle.


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wǔ dà yuàn
    wu3 da4 yuan4
wu ta yüan
 godaiin / godain
(surname) Godaiin
The fifth of the thirteen great courts of the Garbhadhātu-maṇḍala, named 持明院, the court of the five Dharmapālas 五大明王.



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shí èr gōng
    shi2 er4 gong1
shih erh kung
 juunikyuu / junikyu
the twelve equatorial constellations or signs of the zodiac in Western astronomy and astrology, namely: Aries 白羊[Bai2 yang2], Taurus 金牛[Jin4 niu2], Gemini 雙子|双子[Shuang1 zi3], Cancer 巨蟹[Ju4 xie4], Leo 獅子|狮子[Shi1 zi3], Virgo 室女[Shi4 nu:3], Libra 天秤[Tian1 cheng4], Scorpio 天蠍|天蝎[Tian1 xie1], Sagittarius 人馬|人马[Ren2 ma3], Capricorn 摩羯[Mo2 jie2], Aquarius 寶瓶|宝瓶[Bao3 ping2], Pisces 雙魚|双鱼[Shuang1 yu2]
constellations of the zodiac
The twelve zodiacal mansions: east-gemini 夫婦 or 雙女; aries 羊; taurus 牛; west-libra 秤; scorpio 蝎; Sagittarius 弓 or人馬; south―aquarius 甁; pisces 魚; capri-cornus 密牛; north―cancer螃蟹; leo 獅子; virgo (or twin maidens 雙女). They are used in the vajradhātu group of the Garbhadhātu maṇḍala, E.W.S.N.



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dà bēi tán
    da4 bei1 tan2
ta pei t`an
    ta pei tan
 daihi dan
The altar of pity, a term for the garbhadhātu maṇḍala , or for the Sakyamumi group.



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máng máng jī
    mang2 mang2 ji1
mang mang chi
忙葬鷄金剛 (or 忙葬計金剛); 麽麽鷄; 麽莫枳 Māmakī, or Māmukhī, tr. as 金剛母 the mother of all the vajra group, whose wisdom is derived from her; she is represented in the Garbhadhātu maṇḍala.



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mén dǎ lè
    men2 da3 le4
men ta le
maṇḍala, v. 曼.



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màn dá luó
    man4 da2 luo2
man ta lo
or 曼特羅 v. below and 滿怛羅 are also used for mantra, an incantation, spell, magical formula, or muttered sound.



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màn ná luó
    man4 na2 luo2
man na lo



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mǎn dá luó
    man3 da2 luo2
man ta lo
滿荼邏 v. 曼 maṇḍala.



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mǎn tú luó
    man3 tu2 luo2
man t`u lo
    man tu lo
(Skt. maṇḍala)



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màn dá luó
    man4 da2 luo2
man ta lo
(Skt. maṇḍala)



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màn tú luó
    man4 tu2 luo2
man t`u lo
    man tu lo
(or 漫怛羅 or漫陀羅) v. 曼 maṇḍala.



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màn tuó luó
    man4 tuo2 luo2
man t`o lo
    man to lo
(Skt. maṇḍala)


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yàn mó tiān
    yan4 mo2 tian1
yen mo t`ien
    yen mo tien
 Enma Ten
Yamadevaloka, the third of the desire-heavens, above the trāyastriṃśas; also deva Yama, v. 夜, whose wife is 焰摩天妃 in the Yama-maṇḍala.



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fú sī xiān
    fu2 si1 xian1
fu ssu hsien
Vasiṣṭha, 'a very celebrated Vedic ṛishi or inspired sage,' owner of the cow of plenty and able therefore to grant all desires. M.W. One of the six fire-devas in the maṇḍala.



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jié mó huì
    jie2 mo2 hui4
chieh mo hui
 katsuma e
An assembly for monastic duty; also the central group of the Vajradhātu maṇḍala.


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 taizoukai / taizokai
(1) {Buddh} (See 金剛界・こんごうかい・1) Garbhadhatu; Womb Realm; Matrix Realm; (2) (abbreviation) {Buddh} (See 胎蔵界曼荼羅・たいぞうかいまんだら) Garbhadhatu Mandala; Womb Realm Mandala; Matrix Realm Mandala


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tāi zàng jiè
    tai1 zang4 jie4
t`ai tsang chieh
    tai tsang chieh
 taizō kai
Garbhadhātu, or Garbhakośa-(dhātu), the womb treasury, the universal source from which all things are produced; the matrix; the embryo; likened to a womb in which all of a child is conceived— its body, mind, etc. It is container and content; it covers and nourishes; and is the source of all supply. It represents the 理性 fundamental nature, both material elements and pure bodhi, or wisdom in essence or purity; 理 being the garbhadhātu as fundamental wisdom, and 智 acquired wisdom or knowledge, the vajradhātu. It also represents the human heart in its innocence or pristine purity, which is considered as the source of all Buddha-pity and moral knowledge. And it indicates that from the central being in the maṇḍala, viz. the Sun as symbol of Vairocana, there issue all the other manifestations of wisdom and power, Buddhas, bodhisattvas, demons, etc. It is 本覺 original intellect, or the static intellectuality, in contrast with 始覺 intellection, the initial or dynamic intellectuality represented in the vajradhātu; hence it is the 因 cause and vajradhātu the 果 effect; though as both are a unity, the reverse may be the rule, the effect being also the cause; it is also likened to 利他 enriching others, as vajradhātu is to 自利 enriching self. Kōbō Daishi, founder of the Yoga or Shingon 眞言 School in Japan, adopted the representation of the ideas in maṇḍalas, or diagrams, as the best way of revealing the mystic doctrine to the ignorant. The garbhadhātu is the womb or treasury of all things, the universe; the 理 fundamental principle, the source; its symbols are a triangle on its base, and an open lotus as representing the sun and Vairocana. In Japan this maṇḍala is placed on the east, typifying the rising sun as source, or 理. The vajradhātu is placed west and represents 智 wisdom or knowledge as derived from 理 the underlying principle, but the two are essential one to the other, neither existing apart. The material and spiritual; wisdom-source and intelligence; essence and substance; and similar complementary ideas are thus portrayed; the garbhadhātu may be generally considered as the static and the vajradhātu as the dynamic categories, which are nevertheless a unity. The garbhadhātu is divided into 三部 three sections representing samādhi or quiescence, wisdom-store, and pity-store, or thought, knowledge, pity; one is called the Buddha-section, the others the Vajra and Lotus sections respectively; the three also typify vimokṣa, prajñā, and dharmakāya, or freedom, understanding, and spirituality. There are three heads of these sections, i. e. Vairocana, Vajrapāṇi, and Avalokiteśvara; each has a mother or source, e. g. Vairocana from Buddha's-eye; and each has a 明王 or emanation of protection against evil; also a śakti or female energy; a germ-letter, etc. The diagram of five Buddhas contains also four bodhisattvas, making nine in all, and there are altogether thirteen 大院 or great courts of various types of ideas, of varying numbers, generally spoken of as 414. Cf. 金剛界; 大日; 兩部.



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zì zhèng tán
    zi4 zheng4 tan2
tzu cheng t`an
    tzu cheng tan
 jishō dan
or自證會 The 成身會 assembly of all the Buddha and bodhisattva embodiments in the Vajradhātu maṇḍala.


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wàn tuó luó
    wan4 tuo2 luo2
wan t`o lo
    wan to lo



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hù mó tán
    hu4 mo2 tan2
hu mo t`an
    hu mo tan
{Buddh} (See 護摩) homa-mandala (fire altar); (place-name) Gomadan
a fire-altar



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jīn gāng jiè
    jin1 gang1 jie4
chin kang chieh
 kongoukai / kongokai
(1) {Buddh} (See 胎蔵界・たいぞうかい・1) Vajradhatu; Diamond Realm; (2) (abbreviation) {Buddh} (See 金剛界曼荼羅・こんごうかいまんだら) Vajradathu Mandala; Diamond Realm Mandala
vajradhātu, 金界 The 'diamond', or vajra, element of the universe; it is the 智 wisdom of Vairocana in its indestructibility and activity; it arises from the garbhadhātu 胎藏界q.v., the womb or store of the Vairocana 理 reason or principles of such wisdom, v. 理智. The two, garbhadhātu and vajradhātu, are shown by the esoteric school, especially in the Japanese Shingon, in two maṇḍalas, i.e. groups or circles, representing in various portrayals the ideas arising from the two, fundamental concepts. vajradhātu is intp. as the 智 realm of intellection, and garbhadhātu as the 理 substance underlying it, or the matrix; the latter is the womb or fundamental reason of all things, and occupies the eastern position as 'cause' of the vajradhātu, which is on the west as the resultant intellectual or spiritual expression. But both are one as are Reason and Wisdom, and Vairocana (the illuminator, the 大日 great sun) presides over both, as source and supply. The vajradhātu represents the spiritual world of complete enlightenment, the esoteric dharmakāya doctrine as contrasted with the exoteric nirmāṇakāya doctrine. It is the sixth element 識 mind, and is symbolized by a triangle with the point downwards and by the full moon, which represents 智 wisdom or understanding; it corresponds to 果 fruit, or effect, garbhadhātu being 因 or cause. The 金剛王五部 or five divisions of the vajradhātu are represented by the Five dhyāni-buddhas, thus: centre 大日Vairocana; east 阿閦 Akṣobhya; south 寶生Ratnasambhava; west 阿彌陀 Amitābha; north 不 空 成就 Amoghasiddhi, or Śākyamuni. They are seated respectively on a lion, an elephant, a horse, a peacock, and a garuda. v. 五佛; also 胎.



see styles
jīn gāng bù
    jin1 gang1 bu4
chin kang pu
 kongō bu
The various groups in the two maṇḍalas, each having a 主 or head; in the Diamond maṇḍala Akṣobhya, or Vajrasattva, is spoken of as such.



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mén dá là
    men2 da2 la4
men ta la
maṇḍala, see 曼.


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qī shí sān zūn
    qi1 shi2 san1 zun1
ch`i shih san tsun
    chi shih san tsun
 shichijūsan son
The "Diamond world' maṇḍala, or pantheon, of the esoteric sect, containing seventy-three honoured ones.


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sān shí qī zūn
    san1 shi2 qi1 zun1
san shih ch`i tsun
    san shih chi tsun
 sanjūshichi son
The thirty-seven heads in the Vajradhātu or Diamond-realm maṇḍala.


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sān mèi yé zhì
    san1 mei4 ye2 zhi4
san mei yeh chih
 zanmaiya chi
samaya wisdom. In esoteric teaching, the characteristic of a Buddha's or bodhisattva's wisdom, as shown in the maṇḍala.


see styles
sān bù dà fǎ
    san1 bu4 da4 fa3
san pu ta fa
 sanbu daihō
(l) The Garbhadhātu maṇḍala, or pantheon, has the three divisions of 佛, 蓮, 金, i.e. Vairocana, Lotus, and Diamond or Vajra. (2) The teaching of the 胎藏界, 金剛界 and 蘇悉地法 is said to cover the whole of esoteric Buddhism.



see styles
wǔ zhǒng tán fǎ
    wu3 zhong3 tan2 fa3
wu chung t`an fa
    wu chung tan fa
 goshu danpō
The five kinds of maṇḍala ceremonials, v. 五部尊法.


see styles
guāng míng xīn diàn
    guang1 ming2 xin1 dian4
kuang ming hsin tien
 kōmyō shin den
The temple of the bright or shining heart; the seat of Vairocana, the sun Buddha, in the Vajradhātu maṇḍala.



see styles
sì chóng yuán tán
    si4 chong2 yuan2 tan2
ssu ch`ung yüan t`an
    ssu chung yüan tan
 shijū endan
四重曼荼羅 The Garbhadhātu maṇḍala of one central and three surrounding courts. The occupants are described as 四重聖衆 the sacred host of the four courts.



see styles
yīn màn tuó luó
    yin1 man4 tuo2 luo2
yin man t`o lo
    yin man to lo
 in mandara
The Garbhadhātu 胎臟 maṇḍala, which is also east and 因, or cause, as contrasted with the Vajradhātu, which is west and 果, or effect.



see styles
dà màn tú luó
    da4 man4 tu2 luo2
ta man t`u lo
    ta man tu lo
{Buddh} (See 四種曼荼羅・ししゅまんだら) great mandala (in Shingon); mandala with an image of each deity
(大曼) The great maṇḍala; one of four groups of Buddhas and bodhisattvas of the esoteric school. The esoteric word 阿 "a " is styled the great maṇḍala-king.



see styles
bù màn tú luó
    bu4 man4 tu2 luo2
pu man t`u lo
    pu man tu lo
 fu mandara
to spread a magic cloth, or maṇḍala, on the ground



see styles
nǔ dá luō sǎ
    nu3 da2 luo1 sa3
nu ta lo sa
Durdharṣa, hard to hold 難執持, or hard to overcome 難降伏, or hard to behold 無能見, guardian of the inner gate in Vairocana's maṇḍala.



see styles
fū màn tú luó
    fu1 man4 tu2 luo2
fu man t`u lo
    fu man tu lo
 fu mandara
To spread a magic cloth, or maṇḍala, on the ground.



see styles
màn tú luó jiào
    man4 tu2 luo2 jiao4
man t`u lo chiao
    man tu lo chiao
 mandara kyō
maṇḍala doctrine, mantra teaching, magic, yoga, the True word or Shingon sect.



see styles
běn mén běn zūn
    ben3 men2 ben3 zun1
pen men pen tsun
 honmon honzon
The especial honoured one of the Nichiren sect, Svādi-devatā, the Supreme Being, whose maṇḍala is considered as the symbol of the Buddha as infinite, eternal, universal. The Nichiren sect has a meditation 本門事觀 on the universality of the Buddha and the unity in the diversity of all his phenomena, the whole truth being embodied in the Lotus Sutra, and in its title of five words, 妙法蓮華經 Wonderful-Law Lotus-Flower Sutra, which are considered to be the embodiment of the eternal, universal Buddha. Their repetition preceded by 南無 Namah ! is equivalent to the 歸命 of other Buddhists.



see styles
dōng màn tuó luó
    dong1 man4 tuo2 luo2
tung man t`o lo
    tung man to lo
 tō mandara
The eastern maṇḍala, that of the Garbhadhātu.


see styles
 houmandara / homandara
{Buddh} (See 四種曼荼羅・ししゅまんだら) dharma mandala (in Shingon); mandala were each deity is represented by its seed syllable in Sanskrit



see styles
lǐ màn tuó luó
    li3 man4 tuo2 luo2
li man t`o lo
    li man to lo
 ri mandara
The noumenal maṇḍala, i.e. the garbhadhātu in contrast with the 智 or vajradhātumaṇḍala.



see styles
huā zàng bā shě
    hua1 zang4 ba1 she3
hua tsang pa she
 kezō hachiyō
The maṇḍala of the Garbhadhātu.



see styles
xī màn tuó luó
    xi1 man4 tuo2 luo2
hsi man t`o lo
    hsi man to lo
 sai mandara
The "western" maṇḍala is that of the Vajradhātu, as the "eastern" is of the Garbhadhātu.



see styles
lún yuán jù zú
    lun2 yuan2 ju4 zu2
lun yüan chü tsu
 rinnen gusoku
complete maṇḍala



see styles
jīn gāng xīn diàn
    jin1 gang1 xin1 dian4
chin kang hsin tien
 kongō shinten
The vajradhātu (maṇḍala), in which Vairocana dwells, also called 不壞金剛光明心殿 the shrine of the indestructible diamond-brilliant heart.



see styles
jīn gāng sà duǒ
    jin1 gang1 sa4 duo3
chin kang sa to
Vajrasattva(-mahāsattva). 金薩 A form of Puxian (Samantabhadra), reckoned as the second of the eight patriarchs of the 眞言宗 Shingon sect, also known as 金剛手 (金剛手祕密王 or金剛手菩薩) and other similar titles. The term is also applied to all vajra-beings, or vajra-bodhisattvas; especially those in the moon-circle in the east of the Diamond maṇḍala. Śākyamuni also takes the vajrasattva form. (1) All beings are vajrasattva, because of their Buddha-nature. (2) So are all beginners in the faith and practice. (3) So are the retinue of Akṣobhya. (4) So is Great Puxian.



see styles
yī qiè rú lái bǎo
    yi1 qie4 ru2 lai2 bao3
i ch`ieh ju lai pao
    i chieh ju lai pao
 issai nyorai hō
The talismanic pearl of all Buddhas, especially one in the Garbhadhātu maṇḍala who holds a lotus in his left hand and the talismanic pearl in his right.



see styles
sān mèi yuè lún xiàng
    san1 mei4 yue4 lun2 xiang4
san mei yüeh lun hsiang
 zanmai getsurin sō
月輪三昧 The candra-maṇḍala, i.e. moon-wheel or disc samādhi; Nāgārjuna is said to have entered it and taken his departure as a cicada after delivering the Law (or patriarchate) to Kāṇadeva.



see styles
bù kě yuè shǒu hù
    bu4 ke3 yue4 shou3 hu4
pu k`o yüeh shou hu
    pu ko yüeh shou hu
 fukaotsu shugo
Two guardians of the Law on the right of Mañjuśrī in the Garbhadhātu maṇḍala, named 難持 and 難勝.


see styles
 ryoukaimandara / ryokaimandara
{Buddh} (See 胎蔵界曼荼羅・たいぞうかいまんだら,金剛界曼荼羅・こんごうかいまんだら) Mandala of the Two Realms; Womb Realm and Matrix Realm Mandalas


see styles
 ryoubumandara / ryobumandara
{Buddh} (See 両界曼荼羅・りょうかいまんだら) Mandala of the Two Realms; Womb Realm and Matrix Realm Mandalas


see styles
 chuudaihachiyouin / chudaihachiyoin
(rare) center of the Garbhadhatu mandala (containing Mahavairocana and eight Buddhas)



see styles
jiǔ zì màn tú luó
    jiu3 zi4 man4 tu2 luo2
chiu tzu man t`u lo
    chiu tzu man tu lo
 kuji mandara
The nine character maṇḍala, i.e. the lotus, with its eight petals and its centre; Avalokiteśvara may be placed in the heart and Amitābha on each petal, generally in the shape of the Sanskrit "seed" letter, or alphabetic letter.



see styles
jiǔ huì màn tuó luó
    jiu3 hui4 man4 tuo2 luo2
chiu hui man t`o lo
    chiu hui man to lo
 kue mandara
nine assemblies maṇḍala


see styles
wǔ shí èr shēn xiàng
    wu3 shi2 er4 shen1 xiang4
wu shih erh shen hsiang
 gojūni shinzō
The maṇḍala of Amitābha with his fifty-two attendant Bodhisattvas and Buddhas. Also known as 阿彌陀佛五十菩薩像 or 五十 ニ 尊 or 五通曼荼羅; said to have been communicated to 五通菩薩 in India at the 鷄頭磨寺.



see styles
wǔ tōng màn tú luó
    wu3 tong1 man4 tu2 luo2
wu t`ung man t`u lo
    wu tung man tu lo
 gotsū mandara
maṇḍala of the five supernatural powers



see styles
nèi xīn màn tú luó
    nei4 xin1 man4 tu2 luo2
nei hsin man t`u lo
    nei hsin man tu lo
 naishin mandara
(or 祕密曼荼羅) The 'central heart ' maṇḍala of the 大日經 or the central throne in the diamond realm lotus to which it refers.



see styles
nèi xīn màn tú luó
    nei4 xin1 man4 tu2 luo2
nei hsin man t`u lo
    nei hsin man tu lo
 naishin mandara
internal maṇḍala



see styles
liǎng bù màn tú luó
    liang3 bu4 man4 tu2 luo2
liang pu man t`u lo
    liang pu man tu lo
 ryōbu mandara
maṇḍala of the two sections, i. e. dual powers of the two Japanese groups symbolizing the Vajradhātu and Garbhadhātu v. 金剛界 and 胎藏界.


see styles
{Buddh} (See 大曼荼羅・だいまんだら,三昧耶曼荼羅・さんまやまんだら,法曼荼羅・ほうまんだら,羯磨曼荼羅・かつままんだら) four types of mandala (in Shingon)



see styles
sì chóng màn tú luó
    si4 chong2 man4 tu2 luo2
ssu ch`ung man t`u lo
    ssu chung man tu lo
 shijū mandara
four rings of mandala



see styles
dà bēi màn tú luó
    da4 bei1 man4 tu2 luo2
ta pei man t`u lo
    ta pei man tu lo
 daihi mandara
womb world maṇḍala born from great compassion


see styles
tiān gǔ léi yīn fó
    tian1 gu3 lei2 yin1 fo2
t`ien ku lei yin fo
    tien ku lei yin fo
 Tenko raion butsu
鼓音如來 Divyadundubhimeghanirghosa. One of the five Buddhas in the Garbhadhātu maṇḍala, on the north of the central group; said to be one of the dharmakāya of Sakyamuai, his 等流身 or universal emanation body; and is known as 不動尊 corresponding with Akṣobhya, cf. 五智如來 and 大日經疏 4.



see styles
dāng má màn tú luó
    dang1 ma2 man4 tu2 luo2
tang ma man t`u lo
    tang ma man tu lo
 Taima (no) mandara
Taima maṇḍala



see styles
mì mì màn tú luó
    mi4 mi4 man4 tu2 luo2
mi mi man t`u lo
    mi mi man tu lo
 himitsu mandara
esoteric maṇḍala



see styles
mì mì màn tú luó
    mi4 mi4 man4 tu2 luo2
mi mi man t`u lo
    mi mi man tu lo
 himitsu mandara
internal maṇḍala


see styles
{Buddh} (See 四種曼荼羅・ししゅまんだら) karma mandala (in Shingon); three-dimensional mandala with a sculpture of each deity


see styles
 taizoumandara / taizomandara
{Buddh} (See 胎蔵界曼荼羅) Garbhadhatu Mandala; Womb Realm Mandala; Matrix Realm Mandala



see styles
jīn gāng màn tú luó
    jin1 gang1 man4 tu2 luo2
chin kang man t`u lo
    chin kang man tu lo
 kongō mandara
v. 金剛界.


see styles
yī qiè fǎ jiè shēng yìn
    yi1 qie4 fa3 jie4 sheng1 yin4
i ch`ieh fa chieh sheng yin
    i chieh fa chieh sheng yin
 issai hokkai shōin
One of the three signs in the maṇḍala of the Shingon School — the sign of producing all things or realms.



see styles
sān mèi yé màn tú luó
    san1 mei4 ye2 man4 tu2 luo2
san mei yeh man t`u lo
    san mei yeh man tu lo
{Buddh} (See 四種曼荼羅・ししゅまんだら) samya mandala (in Shingon); mandala where each deity is represented by an object (lotus flower, gem, sword, etc.)
samaya-maṇḍala. One of the four kinds of magic circles in which the saints are represented by the symbols of their power, e.g. pagoda, jewel, lotus, sword.



see styles
bù kōng gōng yǎng pú sà
    bu4 kong1 gong1 yang3 pu2 sa4
pu k`ung kung yang p`u sa
    pu kung kung yang pu sa
 Fukū kuyō bosatsu
Āryāmogha-pūrṇamaṇi, also styled 如意金剛 'At will vajra'; in the Garbhadhātu maṇḍala, the fifth on the south of the 悉地 court.



see styles
wǔ mì mì màn tú luó
    wu3 mi4 mi4 man4 tu2 luo2
wu mi mi man t`u lo
    wu mi mi man tu lo
 go himitsu mandara
or 十七尊曼荼羅 The maṇḍala of this group contains seventeen figures representing the five above named, with their twelve subordinates.



see styles
shí qī zūn màn tú luó
    shi2 qi1 zun1 man4 tu2 luo2
shih ch`i tsun man t`u lo
    shih chi tsun man tu lo
 jūshichison mandara
maṇḍala of the seventeen sages


see styles
 taizoukaimandara / taizokaimandara
{Buddh} (See 金剛界曼荼羅・こんごうかいまんだら,両界曼荼羅・りょうかいまんだら) Garbhadhatu Mandala; Womb Realm Mandala; Matrix Realm Mandala



see styles
tāi zàng jiè màn tú luó
    tai1 zang4 jie4 man4 tu2 luo2
t`ai tsang chieh man t`u lo
    tai tsang chieh man tu lo
 taizōkai mandara
womb world maṇḍala



see styles
tāi zàng jiè màn tuó luó
    tai1 zang4 jie4 man4 tuo2 luo2
t`ai tsang chieh man t`o lo
    tai tsang chieh man to lo
 taizōkai mandara
womb world maṇḍala



see styles
jīn gāng jiè màn tú luó
    jin1 gang1 jie4 man4 tu2 luo2
chin kang chieh man t`u lo
    chin kang chieh man tu lo
 kongoukaimandara / kongokaimandara
{Buddh} (See 胎蔵界曼荼羅・たいぞうかいまんだら,両界曼荼羅・りょうかいまんだら) Vajradhatu Mandala; Diamond Realm Mandala
maṇḍala of the adamantine realm

Entries with 2nd row of characters: The 2nd row is Simplified Chinese.


This page contains 100 results for "mandala" in Chinese and/or Japanese.

Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Japanese Bath House

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Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).

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