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Butsu in Chinese / Japanese...

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Buddha / Buddhism


 hotoke / butsu
Buddha / Buddhism Scroll

仏 is the single Japanese Kanji that can mean Buddha or Buddhism.

This Kanji was a shorthand way to write 佛 (Buddha) in Chinese (popular around the 13th century). Somehow, this became the version of this Chinese character that was absorbed into Japanese and thus became part of standard Kanji. Centuries later, this character is not recognized in China (except for those from China with a background in Chinese literature or language).

仏 is also a rare or derivative Korean Hanja form - but I doubt you will find any Korean that knows that.

Namo Amitabha Buddha

 nā mó ē mí tuó fó
 na mu a mi da butsu
Namo Amitabha Buddha Scroll

南無阿彌陀佛 is how to express “The Compassionate Amitabha Buddha” (especially for the Pure Land Buddhist Sect).

Some will translate as “Homage to Amitâbha Buddha” or “I seek refuge in the Amitâbha Buddha.”

This is valid in Chinese characters, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

Sometimes modern Japanese use a different version of the 4th and last Kanji, but the version shown here is the most universal.

This is used to pay homage to Amitabha Buddha.

See Also:  Bodhisattva | Buddhism | Nirvana

Namu Amida Butsu

 namu amida butsu
Namu Amida Butsu Scroll

南無阿弥陀仏 is the modern Japanese version of “Namu Amida Butsu” or “The Compassionate Amitabha Buddha.”

Some will translate this as “I sincerely believe in Amitabha; Lord have mercy on me.”

This phrase especially applies to Japanese Pure Land Buddhists.

There is a universal version using ancient characters (with more strokes) for the 4th and last characters. That version is also used in Chinese, Korean, and occasionally Vietnamese. This is used to pay homage to Amitabha Buddha.

See Also:  Bodhisattva | Buddhism | Nirvana

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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your butsu search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles


More info & calligraphy:

Buddha / Buddhism
Japanese variant of 佛
(1) (abbreviation) (See 仏陀・ぶっだ) Buddha; (2) (abbreviation) (See 仏教・ぶっきょう) Buddhism; (surname) Hotokesaki


see styles

More info & calligraphy:

Amitabha Buddha
(person) Amida butsu



see styles
ē mí tuó fó
    e1 mi2 tuo2 fo2
o mi t`o fo
    o mi to fo
 Amida butsu

More info & calligraphy:

Amitabha Buddha
Amitabha Buddha; the Buddha of the Western paradise; may the lord Buddha preserve us!; merciful Buddha!
Amitâbha Buddha


see styles

More info & calligraphy:

Namu Amida Butsu
(expression) {Buddh} Namu Amida Butsu; Hail Amitabha Buddha; Homage to Amida Buddha; prayer for rebirth in Sukhavati, the Pure Land of Amitabha



see styles
nán wú ā mí tuó fó
    nan2 wu2 a1 mi2 tuo2 fo2
nan wu a mi t`o fo
    nan wu a mi to fo
 namo amida butsu

More info & calligraphy:

Namo Amitabha Buddha
homage to Amitâbha Buddha


see styles
jīn fó
    jin1 fo2
chin fo
 kin butsu
present buddha


see styles
fó fó
    fo2 fo2
fo fo
 butsu butsu


see styles
fó qì
    fo2 qi4
fo ch`i
    fo chi
 butsu ki
articles for worship



see styles
fó shòu
    fo2 shou4
fo shou
 butsu ju
Buddha's life, or age. While he only lived to eighty as a man, in his saṁbhogakāya he is without end, eternal; cf. Lotus Sutra, 壽量品, where Buddha is declared to be eternal.


see styles
fó suǒ
    fo2 suo3
fo so
 butsu sho


see styles
fó yuè
    fo2 yue4
fo yüeh
 butsu gatsu
The Buddha-moon, Buddha being mirrored in the human heart like the moon in pure water. Also a meaning similar to 佛日.



see styles
fó jiàn
    fo2 jian4
fo chien
 butsu ken
The correct views, or doctrines, of the Buddha; Buddha doctrines.



see styles
fó jì
    fo2 ji4
fo chi
 butsu ki
Buddha's prediction, his foretelling of the future of his disciples.


see styles
rù fó
    ru4 fo2
ju fo
 nyū butsu
The bringing in of an image of a Buddha.


see styles
shí fó
    shi2 fo2
shih fo
 ju būtsu
There are several, groups; that of the Huayan sūtra is Kāśyapa, Kanakamuni, Krakucchanda, Viśvabhū, Śikhin, Vipaśyi, Tiśya (or Puṣya), Tissa, ? Padma, and Dīpaṅkara. Another group is that of the Amitābha cult, one for each of the ten directions. There are other groups.


see styles
sì fó
    si4 fo2
ssu fo
 shi butsu
Four of the Five Dhyāni-Buddhas. i.e. the four regional Buddhas; they are variously stated. The 金光明經 gives E. 阿閦; S. 寳相; W. 無量壽; N. 微妙聲. The 大日經 gives E. 寳幢; S. 大勤勇遍覺華開敷; W. 仁勝 (i. e. 無量壽); N. 不動, i. e. 鼓音如來. The 金剛頂經 gives 不動; 寳生; 觀自在, and 不 空 成就如來. v. 五智如來.


see styles
rú fó
    ru2 fo2
ju fo
 nyo butsu


see styles
chóng fó
    chong2 fo2
ch`ung fo
    chung fo
 sū butsu
worship the Buddha


see styles
(n,vs,vi) (1) {Buddh} (See 南無阿弥陀仏) nembutsu; nianfo; the three-word invocation "Namu Amida Butsu" dedicated to the Amitabha Buddha; (n,vs,vi) (2) {Buddh} visualizing a Buddha (in one's mind); (place-name, surname) Nenbutsu


see styles
yǒu fó
    you3 fo2
yu fo
 u butsu
there is a buddha.


see styles
 buutsu / butsu


see styles
yī qiè fó
    yi1 qie4 fo2
i ch`ieh fo
    i chieh fo
 issai butsu
all buddhas


see styles
yī rì fó
    yi1 ri4 fo2
i jih fo
 ichinichi butsu
A one-day Buddha, i.e. he who lives a whole day purely.


see styles
zhàng liù fó
    zhang4 liu4 fo2
chang liu fo
 jōroku butsu
sixteen-foot Buddha


see styles
sān shì fó
    san1 shi4 fo2
san shih fo
 sanze butsu
The Buddhas of the past, present, and future, i.e. Kāsyapa, Śākyamuni, and Maitreya.


see styles
sān qiān fó
    san1 qian1 fo2
san ch`ien fo
    san chien fo
 sanzen butsu
idem 三世.


see styles
sān zūn fó
    san1 zun1 fo2
san tsun fo
 sanzon butsu
The three honoured Buddhas of the West: Amitābha, Avalokiteśvara, Mahāsthāmaprāpta. Though bodhisattvas, the two latter are called Buddhas when thus associated with Amitābha.


see styles
sān mèi fó
    san1 mei4 fo2
san mei fo
 Zanmai Butsu
Samādhi Buddha, one of the ten Buddhas mentioned in the 華嚴經.


see styles
bù zuò fó
    bu4 zuo4 fo2
pu tso fo
 fusa butsu
does not become a buddha



see styles
bù dòng fó
    bu4 dong4 fo2
pu tung fo
 Fudō Butsu
不動如來; 阿閦鞞 or 阿閦婆, Akṣobhya, one of the 五智如來 Five Wisdom, or Dhyāni-Buddhas, viz., Vairocana, Akṣobhya, Ratnasambhava, Amitābha, and Amoghasiddhi. He is especially worshipped by the Shingon sect, as a disciple of Vairocana. As Amitābha is Buddha in the western heavens, so Akṣobhya is Buddha in the eastern heaven of Abhirati, the realm of joy, hence he is styled 善快 or 妙喜, also 無瞋恚 free from anger. His cult has existed since the Han dynasty, see the Akṣobhya-Tathāgatasya-vyūha. He is first mentioned in the prajnapāramitā sutra, then in the Lotus, where he is the first of the sixteen sons of Mahābhijñā-jñānabhibhu. His dhyāni-bodhisattva is Vajrapāṇi. His appearance is variously described, but he generally sits on a lotus, feet crossed, soles upward, left hand closed holding robe, right hand fingers extended touching ground calling it as color is pale gold, some say blue a vajra is before him. His esoteric word is Hum; his element the air, his human form Kanakamuni, v. 拘. Jap. Ashuku, Fudo, and Mudo; Tib. mi-bskyod-pa, mi-'khrugs-pa (mintug-pa); Mong. Ülü küdelükci. v. 不動明王.

Click here for more butsu results from our dictionary

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese

hotoke / butsu
Namo Amitabha Buddha南無阿彌陀佛
na mu a mi da butsu
nā mó ē mí tuó fó
na1 mo2 e1 mi2 tuo2 fo2
na mo e mi tuo fo
na mo o mi t`o fo
na mo o mi to fo
Namu Amida Butsu南無阿弥陀仏namu amida butsu
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.


Lookup Butsu in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

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Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

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A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

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Some people may refer to this entry as Butsu Kanji, Butsu Characters, Butsu in Mandarin Chinese, Butsu Characters, Butsu in Chinese Writing, Butsu in Japanese Writing, Butsu in Asian Writing, Butsu Ideograms, Chinese Butsu symbols, Butsu Hieroglyphics, Butsu Glyphs, Butsu in Chinese Letters, Butsu Hanzi, Butsu in Japanese Kanji, Butsu Pictograms, Butsu in the Chinese Written-Language, or Butsu in the Japanese Written-Language.

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